「蓬勃新动能 工业新亮点」工程机械上涨势头趋稳 准备迎接绿色未来

时间:2019-07-16 来源:www.microchicas.com

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■中国工业报记者荆小翠

实习生记者张伟

“目前,工程机械行业的增长率与上年相比逐月下降,还有另一种过度竞争的趋势。值得警惕。” 2019年,工程机械行业增加了对该国基础设施和服务的投资。设备在更新期的有利影响下进入低水平期,并进入上升期。大部分产品的生产和销售继续快速增长。面对这样的情况,中国机械工业联合会专家委员会副主任蔡伟慈发出提醒。

今年年初,挖掘机的销量飙升,一度掀起了行业的繁荣。 2019年的一半以上,工程机械行业的趋势是什么?

行业发展趋于稳定,国内品牌优势凸显

2019年1月至4月,挖掘机总销量为103,000台,同比增长19.1%。其中,4月份销售的挖掘机数量为28,410台,同比增长7.0%。 1至4月,销售的汽车起重机总数为17,567辆,同比增长68.3%。其中,4月份销售5,152台,同比增长65.1%; 1月至4月,叉车共销售21,000台,同比增长6.7%,其中4月销量为57,000台,同比下降4.1%; 1 - 4月,装载机销量同比增长41,000台,同比增长5.8%,其中4月售出12,000台,同比增长1.8%; 1月至4月,道路机械销量达到6,782台,同比下降12.4%,其中4月销量为2,110台,同比下降23.7%。

可以看出,挖掘机的销售增长率在4月份有所下降,挖掘机市场的发展也逐渐趋于稳定。这些起重机仍然保持着高速增长的趋势。预计20192020年将迎来更新高峰期。预计官方继电器挖掘机将成为工程机械行业不断复苏的动力。虽然叉车销量出现负增长,但总量仍然很高。装载机销售增长继续放缓。压路机销售增长率大幅下降。因此,即使中美贸易摩擦给工程机械行业带来不小的影响,情况仍然乐观。

2019年4月,国内品牌挖掘机销售增长率超过行业增长率7.0%,而国外品牌低于行业平均增长率,国外品牌销量呈下降趋势。国内品牌三一重工,徐工,山东临工,柳工分别增长9.6%,10.9%,68.4%和23.2%;国外品牌Caterpillar,Doosan和Komatsu挖掘机的销量分别下降3.2%和12.1%。 17.7%。在市场份额方面,国内龙头企业的市场份额逐步增加,优势更加明显。外国品牌的市场份额进一步受到挤压。 3月份三益,徐工,山东临工,柳工的市场份额分别为23.7%,14.4%,10.6%和7.0%,同比分别增长0.6,0.5,3.9和0.9个百分点;卡特彼勒,斗山,小松4月份的市场份额分别为10.5%,6.6%和3.9%,同比分别下降1.1,1.4和1.2个百分点。随着国内品牌挖掘技术水平的提高和产品的成本效益明显,国产龙头企业可能会进一步增加大中型挖掘的进口替代。

租赁市场正在升温,行业处于起步阶段

在激烈的工程机械竞争形势下,一个市场正在悄然升温。 “从租赁普及率来看,中国国内租赁需求,特别是大型国有建筑企业的”轻量化“,租赁需求是一种刚性需求和硬需求。未来,租赁业将蓬勃发展。租赁市场将有巨大的增长空间。“日立建机(上海)有限公司客户项目解决方案部门规划部主管张先锋对租赁市场充满信心。

在工程机械行业股票市场下,租赁需求逐年增加。在当前的环境下,为了尽量减少企业投资的风险,一些大企业已经意识到企业的有限资金应该投资于企业擅长的领域。许多企业将被专业租赁公司剥离并完成。施工企业需要设备和操作手,施工企业只负责完工。尽管中国的工程机械租赁市场备受关注,但与欧美等成熟市场相比仍处于起步阶段,面对市场形势仍存在困难。原因是大多数国内租赁公司或代理商要么规模小,单一租赁产品,要么只是参与其中。

中国工程机械工业协会常务副会长兼秘书长苏子蒙表示:“新的基础设施补贴政策推动了工程机械行业的增长。目前的股票市场已经被新机械所取代,工程机械也被市场需求:“从当前市场的热度和需求来看,前景确实乐观。但是,行业相关企业仍需要理性看待市场的快速增长,并从自身开始。”/p>

绿色未来将继续保持警惕战略研究

建筑机械状况良好,但你不能放松警惕。环保压力高,国家四级排放,工程机械行业的环保情况再次升级。战略不是关于该行业未来的发展方向,而是关于该行业今天所拥有的未来发展方向。

According to the latest notice issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, before the end of 2020, the country will implement the fourth phase of non-road mobile machinery emission standards, and some domestic cities have entered the national four standard state in advance, which means that green environmental protection will be construction machinery 2019 The highlight of the year is also bound to be the future of construction machinery, which will also drive a new round of product demand. Remanufacturing will become an important label in the construction machinery industry. Engineering machinery remanufactured products are 60% more energy efficient than new products. An average of 55% of the parts can be reused, saving more than 80% of the energy consumption during the manufacturing process. Remanufacturing pursues low-carbon, environmentally-friendly, and green manufacturing, which not only meets the increasingly stringent environmental requirements of China, but also saves corporate costs and promotes sound development of the industry.

However, under the State IV, clear inventory, upgrade technology, and newer channels have all been turned into looming pressures on users, agents and manufacturers. How to make the market give way to the country in a short period of time, the actual resistance is heavy. There are still many difficulties to be solved in the smooth implementation of the country. The environmental protection situation of the construction machinery industry has been upgraded again. Under the pressure of environmental protection, the market is in a fierce battle.

The future of construction machinery is bound to have a greener future. Diesel-powered equipment will be completely replaced by electric drives. This change will not only change the way the equipment is driven, but also the business model and service concept. The only thing that has not changed is who owns the user and who has the future. Some people are happy that there are people, no matter manufacturers, agents, parts stores, repair shops or suppliers, can not be outside the changes.

Born in sorrow, died of happiness. Huawei began researching and developing chips more than 10 years ago. Six years ago, it began to develop its own operating system and prepared a "prepared tire" for itself. Green electric construction machinery is also coming, and before that, the construction machinery industry with a good situation should begin to prepare for and respond to future changes.

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